The immigration authorities of many countries require all airlines to provide passenger passport information prior to departure of any inbound or outbound flights to ensure safety and security.
Advanced Passenger Information
Advanced Passenger Information (API) data are basic information that identify air travelers, collected during the check-in, and using the PAXLST message (WCO, ICAO and IATA standard). The Advance Passenger Information System (APIS) is an electronic data interchange system established ORIGINALY by U.S. Customs and Border Protection, but also utilized by some other countries. APIS currently used by governments and those planned for future implementation can be placed in two distinct processes, each having unique features and delivering specific results
Non-interactive batch style API data covering all passengers and, in many cases, all crew members on board a specific flight are gathered during the check-in process and then transmitted in a single manifest message at or immediately following flight reconciliation or departure.
Interactive API (iAPI)
An alternative to the batch style approach to API is an interactive API (iAPI) system allowing two way communication, in near real-time, on a passenger-by-passenger or transaction by transaction basis, which is initiated during check-in.
Required passenger information for all API countries (note that additional information requirements vary by country):
- Official Travel Document Number
- Issuing State or Organization of the Official Travel Document
- Official Travel Document Type
- Expiration Date of Official Travel Document
- Surname/Given Name(s)
- Date of Birth
- Seating Information
- Baggage Information
- Traveler‟s Status
- Place/Port of Original Embarkation
- Place of Birth
- Visa Number
- Issue Date of the Visa
Passenger Name Record (PNR)
Passenger Name Record (PNR) data are traveler flight reservation and itinerary information collected by air carriers (or their data providers). Specific PNR data collected may change according to air carriers. It includes: type of ticket, date of travel, number of bags, seating information, etc. This type of information is in the commercial carriers’ reservation systems.
Countries Requiring Advance Passenger Information
Currently, APIS data needs to be provided for customers travelling to or in transit to 73 countries among which: USA, Canada, Mexico, Russia, China (except HKG), Germany, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, South Africa, France, Spain, Pakistan, Jamaica, Kenya, Algeria, and Australia.
Access to PNR is required in 25 countries today and this number is continuously growing.
Benefits of Standard Transmission
- Faster implementation
- Better compliance
- Cost control
- Reliable data
- Minimum impact on airport infrastructure